Guinea Hog

Guinea Hogs are a rare breed of pigs which has its origin in the United States. Their moderate size, good temperament makes them ideal farm pigs. Their meat is considered a gastronomical delight.

Guinea Hog
Guinea Hog

Quick Information

Also Known As Pineywoods Guinea, Yard Pig, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater
Physical characteristics Upright ears, curly tail, hairy coat, straight to somewhat arched back
Personality Traits Calm, friendly, docile, excellent foragers
Weight Males: Around 200 lbs
Females: Around 150 lbs
Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Skin Color Black or bluish-black
Uses Meat
Size Small
Litter Size 1 to 14 piglets per year
Breeding Age Males: Around 6 – 8 months
Females: Around 8 months
Gestation Period Around 3 to 4 months
Diet Feed on various plants, insects, mice, eggs, other small animals
Conservation Status Rare Breed
Country of Origin United States
Guinea Hogs
Guinea Hogs
Guinea Hogs Images
Guinea Hogs Images

History and Development

Guinea hog originated in the United States, and as the name suggests, it is believed that the hogs belong to the Guinea coast of West Africa. The hogs were imported from Africa via the Canary Islands to America on slave ships in around 1804 as per historical documents. The true African Guinea Hogs were large and called Red Guineas as their hair color was red or sandy. Later, the hogs were crossbred with other breeds including Essex pigs, Appalachian English pigs, and West African Dwarfs. The new breed known as the American Guinea hog retained its original black color, but was devoid of the red tint.

Guinea Hog Size
Guinea Hog Size

Around 1880, the breed was on the verge of near extinction. The Red Guineas disappeared during that time. The exact relationship between the American Guinea and Red Guineas along with other breeds is not exactly known, but some relationship seems to exist as reddish pigs are occasionally born to usually bluish-black American Guinea hog parents. The American Guinea Hog Association was founded in 2005 to conserve and protect the breed.

Baby Guinea Hog
Baby Guinea Hog

Meat Production

The carcass of a six month old hog provides up to 75 pounds hanging weight of excellent quality, highly flavored meat.

Guinea Hog Pictures
Guinea Hog Pictures
Guinea Hog Piglets
Guinea Hog Piglets

Interesting Facts

Although their population has dwindled over the decades, at one time, the farms in the southeast United States had more Guinea Hogs than any other types of hogs.

Video: Guinea Hog Grazing

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