The Anglo-Nubian or simply Nubian is a breed of large domestic goats bred for milk and meat. Originated in England, these multi-purpose animals are distinguished by their large, drooping ears. They are widely distributed across the world and are exported to over sixty countries for their high productivity.
|Also Known As||Lop-Eared Goat, Greyhound Goat|
|Physical Characteristics||Stockier than other dairy breeds, convex facial profile (Roman nose), wide and pendulous ears, extending one inch below the muzzle|
|Temperament/Personality||Outgoing, sociable, vocal|
|Color||Solid or patterned, including black, red, and tan|
|Coat||Short, fine, glossy|
|Weight||Bucks: 79-140 kg (175-310 lbs) Does: 61-110 kg (135-240 lbs)|
|Height||Bucks: 88-92 cm (35-36 in) Does: 76-84 cm (31-33 in)|
|Uses||Meat, dairy, and hide|
|Diet||Grass, alfalfa hay, dairy-goat grain concentrates|
|Lactation Period||250 days|
|Climate Tolerance||Can live in arid and hot conditions, tolerates frequent changes of temperature|
|Country of Origin||England, the United Kingdom|
|Standard and Qualification Information||American Dairy Goat Association|
History and Development
The Nubian goat was developed in England in the 19th century by crossing native British goats, such as the Old English milch with lop-eared goats from North Africa, India, and the Middle East. Among the imported stock were Zaraibi from Egypt and Jamnapari from India.
Some of the Nubian goats were brought to the West Indies and the US in 1909. The breed was first recorded in the herd book in 1910.
Valued for their large, fleshy stature, Anglo-Nubians are one of the most commonly used goat breeds in the meat production sector. They are typically crossed with Boers to produce larger goats for meat.
The Nubians’ average milk yield is about 1,820 lbs per lactation, which is not as high as most of the Swiss dairy goat breeds. Their milk is, however, more flavorful as compared to that of other milk-producing breeds. It has a higher percentage of butterfat, with an average 4.9% fat and 3.7% protein content.
The breeding season of Anglo-Nubians is during the cooler and drier months, occurring between November and April. They carry their young for 140-145 days, after which they give birth to 1-2 kids. These goats become sexually matured at an age of 12-22 months.
- Anglo-Nubians can produce milk almost throughout the year, with the highest recorded annual yield being more than 5,500 lbs.
- The kids of Nubian goats are fattened rapidly for meat production.