Home > Buffaloes > Toda Buffalo

Published on 26th June 2021 by staff

Toda Buffalo

Toda Buffalo

Toda buffalo is a semi-wild breed of buffalo found in the Nilgiri Hills of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Among the Indian buffaloes, it is a unique breed and forms a genetically isolated population.

Physical CharacteristicsLong body with broad and deep chest, head is heavy and large with short and stout limbs; neck region consists of two chevron markings; long, slim tail with black switch; face is short and wide with a broad concave forehead
PersonalityGregarious in nature; sometimes becomes aggressive to strangers
Skin ColorAsh gray
HairWhole of the body contains thick hair coat, crest of the neck contains thick hair growth, much like a mane
HornsLarge crescent-shaped, wide apart, curved outward and upward to form a semi-circle; tip is sharp
WeightAround 380 kg
Height Adult male: Around 160 cm
Adult female: Around 150 cm
UsesMilk production
Milk Production700 liters with 8% milk fat
Lactation Period200 to 250 days
CalvingFirst calving at around 4 years of age
Country of OriginIndia


The breed is named after the ancient Toda tribe who reared the animal for dairy products. The Toda people inhabit the Nilgiri plateau and led a pastoral life based on the dairy products of the buffalo which they traded with other peoples of the Nilgiri Hills. Their religion revolves around the sacred buffalo and rituals are carried out for the dairy activities.

Toda Buffalo Images
Toda Buffalo Pictures

Interesting Facts

  • The buffalo is considered to be quite powerful, and when situation demands they fight against wild animals as a team.
  • Their herds are usually small, and mainly comprises of few females, seldom with one or two males. The Toda bulls are known to confine to dense forests, coming out during the breeding season.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Join our subscribers' list to get the latest news, and updates delivered directly in your inbox.