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Published on 5th December 2022 by staff

Adal Sheep

Adal Sheep
Adal Sheep

The Adal Sheep is a breed of domesticated sheep that was developed in Ethiopia. These are not wool sheep, and are one of the African hair sheep breeds that are specifically adapted to the dry, desiccated climate of its country. The Adal has traditionally been described as “fat tailed” or ‘fat rumped’.

Physical Characteristics Both male and female are polled unicolored from white to dark brown; very small ears or often earless; both rams and ewes are polled; traditionally described as “fat tailed” or ‘fat rumped’
Personality TraitsIntelligent, alert, adapted to stall feed
Coat HairBlond fleece; rarely the hair is pied or dark brown
Wool ColorCreamy white to golden with brown to rusty-brown marks
Horn StatusShort, straight; occasionally curly
UsesMostly for meat
Lifespan/Expectancy10-12 years
Weight (size)Ram: 35 kg (average);
Ewe: 24 kg (average)
DietStubble of cultivated crops, tree leaves, fodders and grains
Country of OriginEthiopia


The adal sheep are found in and around the region of Dancalia in the north eastern parts of Ethiopia.

Meat Production

These sheep are primarily bred for the production of mutton. Owing to their big size, a healthy adult sheep can produce anything between 20 and 30 kg of mutton. A young lamb can produce 2.25 to 2.54 kg of flesh.

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