Best Egg Laying Chickens

Not all chickens are reared for the same purpose, and randomly choosing a breed with the hope of the bird being a mass egg layer might backfire spectacularly. For instance, Silkies are more ornamental breeds and don’t lay many eggs regularly.

We have compiled a list of chickens known primarily for laying eggs in order of the average number of eggs a single bird can lay in one year.

Best Egg Laying Chickens

List of Best Chickens For Eggs

Breed of ChickenNumber of Eggs Produced (annually)Egg ColorEgg Size
Leghorn280-320 WhiteLarge
Australorp250BrownMedium to Large
Austrawhite250White or Cream-coloredLarge
Rhode Island Red200-300Light BrownMedium to Large
Dominique200-300BrownSmall to Medium
Easter Egger200-300Blue, Green, or OliveMedium
Buff Orpington200-280Light BrownLarge
Plymouth Rock200BrownLarge
Minorca200White Large
Delaware200Light BrownLarge
Sussex180-220Light BrownLarge
Marans150-200Dark BrownLarge
Catalana150-200Light Pink to WhiteMedium
Faverolles150-200Light Brown to PinkishMedium
Java150-200Tinted to Dark BrownLarge
Jersey Giant150-200Varied; Dark Brown to Light CreamLarge
La Fleche150-200WhiteLarge
Lakenvelder150-200Tinted to WhiteMedium
Langshan150-200Different shades of Brown; sometimes Pale Purple shading Large
Polish150-200Mainly White, but sometimes Cream or TintedSmall

List of Best Egg-laying Chickens for Beginners

Not all chickens are easy to take care of, and may need experienced handlers to maintain them. It is best to consider the following breeds for someone looking to start their own flock in their backyard.

  • Rhode Island Red
  • Wyandotte
  • Ameraucana
  • Australorp
  • Marans
  • Sussex

For a beginner, it’s best to keep a small flock of about 5-8 birds, as any more might be a bit harder to handle.


1. Which chicken breed lays eggs the longest?

The Plymouth Rock is capable of egg-laying for up to 10 years.

2. Which chickens start laying eggs the fastest?

Some chicken breeds can start laying eggs as early as 16 weeks. Examples of these breeds include Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds, and Australorps.

3. What is the best feed for chickens primarily reared to lay eggs?

Hens being raised to lay eggs will need a diet of proteins, vitamins, and minerals. As omnivores, chickens can feed on fruits, vegetables, grains, and insects, but egg-producing hens also need two forms of grit: crushed oyster shells and flint. The former helps in egg production, while the latter helps in digestion.

4. Which egg-laying chicken breeds are known for their heat resistance?

Some of the heat-resistant chicken breeds include Anconas, Andalusians, Catalanas, Leghorns, Minorcas, etc.

5. Which egg-laying chicken breeds are capable of tolerating cold weather?

Most chickens actually do well in cold weather compared to the heat. But some breeds that will not cease egg production even during chilly weather include Wyandottes, Australorps, and Rhode Island Reds.

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