The Highland cattle are a Scottish breed known for their long horns and shaggy coat. These cattle are known for their sturdiness and are raised primarily for beef production.
|Also known as||Kyloe, Long-haired Highland Cattle, Long-haired Scottish Cattle, North Highland Cattle, Scottish Cattle, Scottish Highland Cattle, West Highland Cattle|
|Physical Characteristics||They have a double coat of hair – a soft undercoat and an overcoat consisting of long oily hair. They also have long, distinctive horns.|
|Temperament/Personality||Docile, though protective of their young|
|Coat Color||Varied; Colors include black, brindle, dun, ginger, grey, red, silver, tan, white, and yellow.|
|Weight||Male: 680-907 kg Female: 400-590 kg|
|Height||Male: 106–120 cm Female: 90–106 cm|
|Diet||Grass, hay, straw, silage, and even cereals|
|Lactation Period||Around 10 months|
|Gestation Period||279-287 days|
|Climate Tolerance||Extremely adaptable; can survive in cold or rainy weather but also shed its coat to live in hot areas as well.|
|Price||$1,500 to $3,200|
|Country of Origin||Scotland|
|Standard and Qualification Information||The Highland Cattle Society|
History and Development
It is believed that the Highland cattle descended from the Ankole-Watusi known as Hamitic Longhorn, which originated in the Scottish Highlands and the Outer Hebrides islands. These were brought to Britain from Africa and other parts of Europe by Neolithic farmers. A herd book was established in 1885, including two different Highland cattle types. These are the Kyloe, which is small and black, and the mainland, which are larger and red.
From the 20th century onward, cattle were exported to several parts of the world, including Australia and North America. In 1954, Queen Elizabeth II demanded that Balmoral Castle in Scotland keep Highland cattle. In her honor, they still keep them there today.
Though they can be milked for personal use, the highland cattle do not produce enough milk to be considered a production breed.
Highland cattle produce excellent beef at a low cost due to not requiring high-quality feeds. The meat of this breed is very lean with low fat and cholesterol.
- Highland cattle are sometimes used as show animals and are groomed with oils that give them a fluffier appearance. This is most apparent in calves.