Braford cattle are a mix of the Brahman and Hereford cattle, with the ideal makeup being 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Hereford. There are two types of purebred Braford – the American and Australian variants.
|Physical Characteristics||A back hump, a loose dewlap, and floppy ears|
|Temperament/Personality||Docile but can become ornery if mishandled|
|Coat Color||Mottled red with white markings|
|Size||Medium to large|
|Weight||Male: 900-1000 kg Female: 550-750 kg|
|Gestation Period||283 days|
|Climate Tolerance||Warm climate|
|Price||$1200 to $2500|
|Country of Origin||Australia|
History and Development
The Braford cattle breed was developed post World War II from Brahman and Hereford cattle. They were created simultaneously in Australia and the United States independently.
In 1946, after losing cattle to due to tick infestations and eye cancer, in Australia, the Rea brothers bred the Hereford cattle with the Brahman cattle for the latter’s greater resistance to insects and diseases. While in 1947, Alto Adams Jr., a breeder in Florida, started to crossbreed his Brahman cows with Hereford bulls on his St. Lucie County ranch. The resulting breed was healthier and became more popular throughout the country.
The Australian Braford Society was established in 1962, while in 1969, American breeders organized the International Braford Association.
As a beef-producing breed, they are not reared for dairy.
Braford cattle were created to be a consistent and efficient source of beef. They have traits favorable for meat production, including hardiness, longevity, and gaining weight quickly.
- These cattle are sometimes used in rodeos, as their massive bulk and endurance help them in this regard.