Rooster Breeds

A rooster, also colloquially referred to as a ‘cock,’ is a male chicken. Compared to their female counterparts, roosters tend to be larger, more colorful, and much, much, louder. Famously, roosters make a call that sounds like cock-a-doodle-doo early in the morning and continue to make similar noises throughout the day.

Rooster Breeds

Why Should I Keep a Rooster?

Hens are less noisier, provide eggs, and are usually easier to handle than their male counterparts. Despite this, roosters have a few things going for them that make them worth investing in.

  • Fertilized Eggs – If you want to raise your own flock in your backyard, you need a rooster to mate with your chickens. Make sure that the ratio of female to male chickens skews heavily towards females at an average of 10 hens to 1 rooster
  • Protecting the Flock from Predators – Roosters will generally be on guard for threats to the flock, like predators, and will raise the alarm by making loud noises. Some roosters will even risk their lives for the safety of the group.
  • Makes it Easier to Integrate Newer Hens – When a new hen is introduced to a flock, they are at the bottom of the pecking order compared to the ‘senior’ hens. Roosters fall outside of this hierarchy and can prevent any bullying attempts on the new members.

Different Roosters For Your Flock

BreedSize (in lbs.)Temperament
Jersey Giant13Very gentle and non-confrontational
Brahma12Friendly and calm
Faverolles11Friendly and relatively quiet
Java9.5Calm and friendly
Sussex9Docile but alert
Rhode Island Red8.6Calm
Delaware8.5Calm and mature but not particularly friendly
Wyandotte8-9Generally docile but can be loud and personable
Cochin7.9-13Quite friendly and easy to handle, with some even willing to be handled by children
Buff Orpington7.9-10Friendly and calm
Croad Langshan7.7-11Calm, friendly, docile, and even-tempered
Plymouth Rock7.5Calm, well-behaved, and protective of their flock
Welsummer6-7Friendly and intelligent
Polish6Calm and gentle, but sometimes has a nervous disposition
Silkie2-3Calm and friendly
Barbu d’Uccle1.6-1.7Easy-going and docile
Sebright1.3-1.4Active and reasonably friendly


1. Can a rooster breed with any hen for the production of fertilized eggs?

If the rooster is physically capable of doing so, it will breed with any hen to produce fertilized eggs. However, it is important to note that there isn’t a huge disparity in the size of the two so as not to cause physical harm to the participants.

2. When can a rooster begin to mate?

Most roosters become sexually mature at around 4-6 years of age.

3. What are the most aggressive and least aggressive rooster breeds?

While each chicken has a personality, some breeds generally show more aggressive behavior than others. Roosters historically reared to be fighting chickens, like the American Game, the Asil, and the Shamo, tend to be more aggressive. On the other hand, Silkies, Faverolles, and Cochins are more likely to have a friendly disposition.

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